Public Transportations in Turkey
One of the most important determinations of livelihood quality in the city is public transportation services. It is very important for people to travel to school, university, and work without facing any specific problem in transport life.
From this point of view, we can mention that in many cities of Turkey, the qualify transport systems are service.
Here is a look at some of the specific transit systems throughout Turkey and the way of their usage:
Municipal buses serving urban centers are among the most used vehicle in Turkey providing many access points. In some cities, these services are provided by the municipality and in others through private institutions.
How to use municipal buses?
In each city, special cards must be provided to take advantage of the buses. You can use the Istanbul card in Istanbul, Ankara card in Ankara, Izmir card in Izmir and so on. In this way, a special card must be provided in each city for the use of public transport vehicles. You can use this card for all of the public transport vehicles except private minibuses. Also, a joint national card project will be implemented in the country through the Ministry of Transport and Marine Affairs of Turkey decisions in short time.
Local transportation by bus in Istanbul
In Istanbul, municipal buses are generally in service from 05:00 am to 1:00 pm. But these hours may vary depending on the different lines. In general look, public transportation costs in Istanbul are as follow:
- One-way ticket: 5 TL
- Two-way ticket: 8 TL
- First freight charge with Istanbul Card: 2/60 TL, students: 1/25 TL
- Transfer fee: 1/85 TL, students: 0/55 TL
- Blue Cards Monthly: General 205 TL, Students: 85 TL
For complement information, please refer to the website: http://www.iett.istanbul/
Local transportation by bus in Ankara
The city buses in Ankara are also in service from 05:30 am until 00:00 pm. But from late 2017, in line with the decisions taken by the municipality of Ankara, they are providing 24-hour service on some city bus lines.
- The initial cost for Ankara Card: 2/50 TL, students 1/75 TL
- Transfer fee: 1 TL, student: 0/25 TL
- Single cost: 3 TL
For getting information about the bus line and hours of services check the http://www.ego.gov.tr/ website.
Local transportation by bus in Izmir
In İzmir, Turkey’s third largest city, municipal buses generally serve between 06:30 and 00:00.
Initial Cost of Izmir Card: 2/85 TL, Student: 1/65 TL
Single cost: 2/80 TL, Student: 5 TL
For getting information about the bus line and hours of services check the http://www.eshot.gov.tr website.
After bus transportation, the minibus is one of the most used vehicles. These vehicles are self-employed transportation systems who get permission from the municipality. And the price is variable depending on the distance. Public transport cards are not used in minibuses. The costs are paid directly to the driver himself. So, when taking a minibus, take the money with you.
For example, the minibus tariff for Istanbul is as follows:
Distance 0-2 km: 2 TL
Distance 2-4 km: 2/15 TL
15-20 km: 2/95 TL
In other cities, it varies according to distance. But the average price can be about 2.5-3 TL.
In Turkey, metro lines exist at world-class standards in 5 cities including Ankara, Istanbul, Izmir, Bursa, and Adana. The most developed network is in Istanbul. So that, the length of the metro line in the international sections reaches 92 km, these will be developing lines in in short time. Also, the Marmaray Line, which passes from the underside of Boğaz, is the only metro line in the world connecting the continent of Asia and Europe.
There is also the second advanced subway line in Ankara. The length of the city network is 55 kilometers. There are also different transition points in both cities. Using these transition points, you can easily navigate to areas where metro access is limited.
The Metrobus, which is unique to the city of Istanbul, is the name given to suburban busses. Accordingly, the metro buses in the main internal lines of the city have a special route for themselves. Consequently, these routes run smoothly without stopping the traffic. It is also worth noting that the Metrobus works seamlessly with other public transports such as ships, subways, municipals buses in unity. As a result, this integration can easily move to different locations with other vehicles and easily reaches the desired destination.
The tramway with nostalgic atmosphere and easy and convenient access to the inner city is a public transport vehicle used in some Turkish cities. Especially using tramway in cities like Istanbul, Izmir, Ankara, Bursa, Eskişehir, Kayseri, and Gaziantep is more common than other cities.
Maritime transportation is also one of the options that should be considered in terms of urban public transport. Since Turkey is a peninsula surrounded by water from three sides, the sea is used mostly in public transportation. Especially in Istanbul and Izmir traveling by boat is so much common. On Istanbul’s ferry lines, you can reach Europe from Asia and watch Istanbul’s historic scenery.